A plan to put a cap on Russian oil prices could actually work

Biden’s senior energy adviser said the United States is still far from an international agreement to impose a price cap on Russian oil exports, with limited enthusiasm from the world’s largest energy buyers, India and China, so far.

But Amos Hochstein, President Biden’s special coordinator for international energy affairs, said he remains optimistic that Russia will eventually continue to produce despite a price limit, in large part because “their economy has nothing else.”

We are already seeing evidence in the market that Russia is selling its oil at a huge discount. So we want to put that cap on,” Hochstein told Yahoo Finance. “So we know they’re willing to sell it at a discount so they can sell it, because frankly they have cash in the bank, that’s right, but they don’t have anything else.”

Hochstein’s comments come after Russian Central Bank Governor Elvira Nabiullina said Friday that Moscow has no plans to supply crude oil to countries that choose to impose a price cap on their exports. Speaking to reporters, Nabiullina added that any Russian oil would be redirected to countries willing to “cooperate” with the country.

US President Joe Biden talks about gas prices during remarks in the South Courtroom of the Eisenhower Executive Office Building at the White House in Washington, US, June 22, 2022. REUTERS/Kevin Lamarck

The Biden administration has proposed a price cap on Russian oil exports to limit President Vladimir Putin’s oil revenues, which Hochstein said is being used directly to fund the country’s war against Ukraine. The cap is intended to keep Russian oil prices low, without completely cutting supply, leading to a devastating rise in world oil prices.

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But some EU countries largely dependent on Russian oil have been reluctant to embrace such a move. This is partly due to concerns that Putin will refuse to sell at the price, and cut off Moscow’s supply altogether.

“Trying to Master the Mechanism”

Last month, the G7 countries agreed in principle to explore ways to ban “all services, which allow the seaborne transportation of Russian crude oil and petroleum products globally, unless the oil is purchased at an agreed price or lower in consultation with international partners.” Hochstein said the United States has not yet settled on the details of a global price framework.

“We are trying to perfect the mechanism of what that would actually look like and how it would work. We are not at a point where we have reached an agreement,” Hochstein said. “We have an agreement in principle with the major economies, but not an actual agreement.”

Brent crude, the global benchmark, has fallen dramatically since jumping near $140 a barrel since Russia launched its war on Ukraine earlier this year. Oil futures settled near $103 a barrel on Friday, although that still represents an increase of more than 30 percent this year.

Gas prices are displayed at a gas station in Monterey Park, California, on July 19, 2022. US Gas prices have fallen from historic highs earlier in the summer, a decline highlighted by the politically embattled White House as a sign of moderate inflation.  President Joe Biden took to Twitter to point out that prices at the pump have been dropping for more than a month, saving the average driver about $25 a month.  Gasoline prices are now at a national average of $4,495 a gallon, down 10 percent from last month but up 42 percent from last year's level, according to the American Automobile Association.  (Photo by Frederick J. Brown / AFP) (Photo by Frederick J. Brown / AFP via Getty Images)

Gas prices are displayed at a petrol station in Monterey Park, California on July 19, 2022 (Photo by Frederic J. Brown/AFP) (Photo by FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP via Getty Images)

US crude prices fell below $95 a barrel for the first time since April, Following the decision of the member states of the European Union To adjust sanctions to allow Russian state-owned companies to ship to third countries.

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However, critics of the administration’s proposed policy remain skeptical of its efficacy, in part because Washington has yet to receive any commitments from the world’s biggest buyers, India and China, who remain wary of disrupting their long-standing relationship with Moscow.

The plan will prevail

Since the start of the war, China has nearly doubled its imports from Russia to 1 million barrels per day, while India’s imports of Russian crude have risen 24 times to 600,000 barrels per day, according to the Eurasia Group.

Jorge Montic, who is credited with the record oil pricing reform, ReutersPrice-setting authorizations have been tried before and failed.

The United States attempted to fix oil prices in the 1970s, the United Kingdom attempted to stabilize foreign exchange rates in the 1980s, and Mexico attempted to stabilize tortilla prices. And then – boom! The market is stabilizing. “It’s a waste of time,” Montebecki said.

Hochstein is convinced that the economics of the plan will prevail, arguing that “every country wants to pay the lowest possible price”. He added that Russia has very limited options, potentially forcing Putin to come to the table.

“Their economy does not have anything else. They produce weapons, they produce and they drill for oil and gas.”

Akiko Fujita is a broadcaster and reporter at Yahoo Finance. Follow her on Twitter Tweet embed

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