Iron Dome. How does Israel's main air defense system work?

Iron Dome is designed to protect against short-range weapons and can operate in any weather conditions. This system uses radars for detection RocketsDistinguish between drones or missiles and which of these devices may reach populated areas. This way, it only intercepts those who endanger people or buildings.

The system consists of several batteries located in Israel, each with three to four missiles capable of firing 20 interceptor missiles. These missiles, when fired, travel in a curve – which explains the name “dome”. Along the way, they collide with missiles or drones launched by enemies and destroy them.

The organization began to form in 2006, after the conflict between Israel and the militant group Hezbollah in southern Lebanon. At that time, thousands Rockets Dozens of people were killed in Israel launched by the group.

Iron Dome became operational in 2011 and conducted its first major raid within eight days, in November 2014, when approximately 1,500 people were evacuated from Gaza. Rockets Against Israel. in height, Israeli officials spoke of a success rate of up to 90 percent.The Iron Dome will be renovated in 2021, but details of the changes have not been released by Israel. Now, Israel has ten of these systems in operation.


According to the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies, each Iron Dome interceptor costs between $40,000 and $50,000 to produce. A complete system, including radars, computers and three to four launchers, would cost about $100 million..

Iron Dome is one of the strategic pillars of the alliance between Tel Aviv and the United States. Last year, two days after the October 7 Hamas attack, Benjamin Netanyahu's government asked Washington for more ammunition for its warplanes and more interceptors for Iron Dome.

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The system's interceptors are 15 centimeters wide and three meters long, carrying several small sensors that detect short-range projectiles. To combat long-range devices, Israel relies on another system: the Arrow.

The Arrow is designed to intercept ballistic missiles armed with nuclear or other warheads outside the Earth's atmosphere. Israel Defense Forces spokesman Daniel Hagari announced this Sunday that the system was successful against “a significant number of ballistic missiles” launched by Iran.

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