The World Health Organization (WHO) warned this Tuesday about the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in the health sector, which could create false guidelines, violate personal data or spread false information, requiring greater oversight by governments, advancing the Portuguese.
The UN calls for “caution” using platforms such as ChatGPT, Bard or Bert to “understand, process and produce human communications”.
According to the WHO, large language model (LLM) tools developed by AI, “pose a risk to human well-being and public health”.
WHO experts believe that the rapid and widespread spread of MLL and the growing use of tests for health-related purposes are not accompanied by control mechanisms, highlights a publication on the UN news portal.
Among the control mechanisms mentioned are the adherence of artificial intelligence platforms to values such as transparency, inclusion, specialized oversight or strict evaluation.
“WHO recognizes that appropriate use of technologies, including LLM, can contribute to support health professionals, patients, researchers and scientists,” he added.
The new platforms could be “a tool to support clinical decisions and increase diagnostic capacity in low-resource environments,” but the focus “must be on protecting people’s health and reducing inequality,” he adds.
Despite the benefits, the agency highlights the “risks” associated with the use of these tools to improve access to health information, arguing that “they must be carefully evaluated.”
“The hasty adoption of untested systems could lead to errors by healthcare professionals, harm patients and undermine confidence in artificial intelligence and future technologies,” he warns.
Data used to train artificial intelligence can be biased, generating false or misleading information, which risks health, equity and inclusion, he points out.
To address these situations, WHO proposes that the authorities of each country should analyze the benefits of artificial intelligence for health purposes before generalizing them.
In this sense, the organization has identified six fundamental principles to govern: protecting the autonomy of professionals, promoting human well-being, guarantees of transparency, promoting responsibility, including and developing artificial intelligence.
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